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  1. Corporal Punishment Makes Children Dumb, By Dr. Shaun Whittaker, Namibian, June 7, 2013

  2. Editorial: Positive parenting, not physical punishment, By John Fletcher, MB BChir MPH, Editor-in-Chief, Canadian Medical Association Journal, September 4, 2012

  3. Why Does Everyone Pretend There's A 'Spanking Debate'?, By Lisa Belkin, Huffington Post, July 9, 2012
    Narration, By Stefan Molyneux, Freedomain Radio

  4. How to Prevent VIOLENT CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR in the Next Generation, By Jordan Riak, PTAVE

  5. Physical punishment of children: lessons from 20 years of research, By Joan Durrant, PhD & Ron Ensom, MSW, RSW, Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2012

  6. The Ability to Love Takes Root in Earliest Infancy, Source: Association for Psychological Science, December 14, 2011

  7. The Facts about Spanking, By Stefan Molyneux, Freedomain Radio, August 28, 2011

  8. DELAWARE DIARY – Whipping of prisoners was family affair, By Michael Morgan,, April 13, 2011

  9. A strong and loving bond between family members becomes its own moral discipline, By James Warren, Federal Way, WA, April 9, 2011

  10. Resolution to Encourage The Elimination of Corporal Punishment in Public Schools, By The NLGA (National Lt. Governors Assoc.), March 25, 2011

  11. Corporal Punishment of Schoolchildren: The Problem and the Cure, By Jordan Riak, March 21, 2011

  12. Editorial: Time to end corporal punishment, By John M. Crisp, Scripps Howard News Service, March 21, 2011

  13. What works to stop bullying, By Steve Johnson, San Francisco Chronicle, December 22, 2010

  14. It's time to toss the trash, By Jordan Riak, December 2010

  15. Corporal Punishment — Topic Overview, By Healthwise Staff, Kaiser Permanente, Last Revised: December 10, 2010

  16. Childhood Roots of Empathy, Peace and Nonviolence, Video of Mitch Hall's presentation to the Ahimsa meeting in Berkeley, CA, December 7, 2010


  18. Spare the Rod, Spoil the Child? Excessive Punishment Can Have Lasting Psychological Impact on Children, Researchers Say, ScienceDaily, September 22, 2010

  19. Childhood Origins of Tyranny, By Mitch Hall, September 2010

  20. Get serious about ending youth violence, By Ed Wells, RRSTAR.COM, September 10, 2010

  21. The Bomb in the Brain: A documentary about the long-term effects of child abuse
    By Stefan Molyneux,, September 2, 2010

  22. An Arcane, Destructive – and Still Legal – Practice, By Deborah J. Vagins, The Huffington Post, June 30, 2010

  23. Why Primary Care Physicians Should Promote Nonviolence and Positive Child Discipline, By Madeleine Y. Gómez, Ph.D., July 2010

  24. The Odds in Black and Blue: Corporal Punishment in US Schools, Posted By: Kate McGovern,, July 27, 2010

  25. Ending Corporal Punishment Act — An Important Step Since ‘Brown v. Board of Education’, By Stacey Patton, The Defenders Online - A Civil Rights Blog of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund web site, July 2, 2010

  26. Harris County Texas Sends Strong Message to People Who Hit Kids, By Stacey Patton, The Defenders Online - A Civil Rights Blog of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund web site, June 25, 2010

  27. Time to Ban Physical Punishment of Students in all Schools, By Stacey Patton, The Defenders Online - A Civil Rights Blog of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund web site, May 21, 2010

  28. Time to Spare the Rod in Black Communities, By Stacey Patton, The Defenders Online - A Civil Rights Blog of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund web site, April 13, 2010

  29. Spanking children can lead to aggressive behavior: study, AFP, April 13, 2010

  30. Another Reason Not to Spank: Raising a Bully, By Psych Central News Editor, Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D, April 12, 2010

  31. How punishment can affect health, By Jordan Riak, June 2009

  32. Children who are spanked have lower IQs, new research finds Source: PHYSORG.COM, September 25, 2009

  33. The King of Pain, Chapter 6 of Republican Gomorrah By Max Blumenthal, 2009, Nation Books, NY.

  34. All in the Name of the 'Last Resort': The Abuse of Children in American Schools, By Adah Maurer, Ph. D.

  35. Report on Physical Punishment in the United States, Elizabeth T. Gershoff, PhD / Phoenix Children’s Hospital, March 17, 2009

  36. Being a parent is not a licence to hurt, By Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, Deputy Secretary General of the Council of Europe, New Europe, (Issue : 823), March 1, 2009

  37. Message to school board members in a district that allows paddling, By Jordan Riak, February 17, 2009

  38. A Violent Education, a report by Human Rights Watch and the American Civil Liberties Union, February 2009 (Large PDF file. Allow time for download.)

  39. Human Rights Watch Publications: A Violent Education: Corporal Punishment of Children in US Public Schools August, 2008

  40. Human Rights Watch Publications: US: End Beating of Children in Public Schools: Abusive, Discriminatory Punishment Undermines Education Human Rights Watch, August 20, 2008

  41. A Violent Education: Corporal Punishment of Children in US Public Schools, By Alice Farmer, Aryeh Neier Fellow at Human Rights Watch and the ACLU, August 20, 2008

  42. State Actors Beating Children: A Call for Judicial Relief, By Deana Pollard Sacks, Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law, August 20, 2008; Publication Pending, UC Davis Law Review, April, 2009

  43. Disjointed or Double-Jointed? Corporal Punishment Permitted in Missouri Public Schools vs. Corporal Punishment Prohibited by State Policy, By Stephen Blower, January 2003

  44. Spare the Rod: Why you shouldn't hit your kids, By Alan E. Kazdin, Slate, September 24, 2008

  45. Apply rod, spoil child, By Vivian Berger / Special to The National Law Journal, September 22, 2008

  46. The roots of violence are not unknown: The misled brain and the banned emotions, By Alice Miller, September 2008

  47. The Parable of the Boxer, By Stefan Molyneux, January 2008

  48. The case against corporal punishment of children

  49. Converging Evidence From Social Science Research and International Human Rights Law and Implications for U.S. Public Policy By Elizabeth T. Gershoff, University of Michigan and Susan H. Bitensky, Michigan State University College of Law
    SOURCE: Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 2007, Vol. 13, No. 4, 231–272, Copyright 2008 by the American Psychological Association, 1076-8971/08/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/1076-8971.13.4.231

  50. The Fallacies of Pro-Spanking Science: A Point-by-Point Rebuttal to the Apologetics of Two Pediatricians, By Tom Johnson, 1997

  51. What About Spanking?, Prepared by Ronald L. Pitzer, Family Sociologist, University of Minnesota. Reviewed November 2008 by Kathleen Olson, Extension Education - Family Relations

  52. Corporal punishment in schools: Is it good discipline or bad sex?, By Jordan Riak, October 2008

  53. Twenty good reasons to stop a bad practice, By Jordan Riak

  54. Spanking/Paddling and the Roots of Racism, PTAVE, July 2008

  55. Time to plug spanking loophole, By Judy Arnall, The Calgary Herald, June 27, 2008

  56. Parenting: The line between punishment and abuse, By Melanie Barwick, PhD., C.Psych. CBC News, June 20, 2008

  57. Curbing Youth Violence, By Jordan Riak, May 2008

  58. Facts vs. Opinion: School Corporal Punishment, Compiled by Center for Effective Discipline,

  59. Spare the Rod, Riane Eisler, May 2008
  60. The Baumrind Fallacy
  61. Spanking Kids Increases Risk of Sexual Problems as Adults, New Research Shows, By Murray Straus, University of New Hampshire, February 28, 2008
  62. Spanking Kids Causes Sexual Problems, By MedHeadlines, February 29, 2008
  63. Spanking may lead to sexual deviancy in years of maturity, Front page / Science, SOURCE:, February 28, 2008
  64. E-mail from Alice Miller to Jordan Riak, January 8, 2007
  65. VENEZUELA: Second Latin American country to ban corporal punishment, Children's Rights Information Network (CRIN), December 20, 2007
  66. Experts on Self-Injurious Kids Challenge Dr. Israel's Methods, By Jennifer Gonnerman, Mother Jones, August 20, 2007
  67. What Works for Troubled Teens?, By Maia Szalavitz, Mother Jones, August 2007
  68. Spanking creates new, worse problems, By Armin Brott, McClatchy-Tribune News Service, November 7, 2007
  69. A Doctor's Bad Medicine, By Patrick Briody, April 2007
  70. Hitting is never OK, By John E. B. Myers, The Costco Connection, May 2007, Vol. 22, No. 5
  71. The Lucifer Effect; Understanding How Good People Turn Evil By Philip Zimbardo; Random House; 551 Pages, Reviewed by Michael Roth, San Francisco Chronicle, April 28, 2007
  72. A little bit of violence is not acceptable, By Jaap E. Doek, Chairperson, United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, 2006
  73. Teachers Who Bully Students: Patterns and Policy Implications, By Alan McEvoy, Ph.D., Wittenberg University, 2005

  74. Legal Adult Violence, Mike A. Males, from The Scapegoat Generation: America's War on Adolescents(1996)
  75. Lies, Damn Lies, and "Youth Risk" Surveys, By Mike Males, April 2001
  76. Banning corporal punishment -- What the arguments tell us about our character regarding the treatment of children, By Dr. Kerby Alvy, Exec. Dir. of the Center of the Improvement of Child Caring in California, February 22, 2007
  77. Spanking: When parents lift their hands -- It's better not to use corporal punishment, researchers agree. But, in fact, people do. Now we're learning the consequences, By Ben Harder, Special to the Los Angeles Times, February 19, 2007
  78. What to do instead of punishment

  79. The origin and true purpose of the paddle (PDF), By George Ryley Scott, William H. Grier, Price M. Cobbs
    8.5 x 11, leaflet.

  80. Childhood origins of terrorism: Authors: Ali Salem, David Tell, Lloyd deMause, Alice Miller, Phyllis Chesler, Jamie Glazov, Riane Eisler, Salman Rushdie, Philip Caputo
  81. Corporal punishment and political missions, by Alice Miller, April 2007
  82. The Relevance of Cognitive Dissonance Theory to the Movement to Ban Corporal Punishment, By Mitch Hall, October 2007
  83. Why are Dutch children so happy? , By Kathryn Westcott, BBC News website, February 14, 2007
  84. Child Abuse May Alter Victims' Brain Chemistry, Study Shows, Chicago Tribune, November 1, 2006
  85. Idyllic childhoods of CEOs reconsidered, By Mitch Hall, October 10, 2006
  86. Scolding harms children - study,, October 1, 2006
  87. Ex-Yorktown mom takes on N.C. schools over corporal punishment, By Brian J. Howard, The Journal News, September 14, 2006
  88. Corporal Punishment’s Hidden Costs, By Salim Muwakkil, In These Times, September 8, 2006
  89. Summit Conference II: National Leaders in the Child and Nonviolence, Speech Delivered By Madeleine Y. Gómez, Ph.D. April 7, 2006
  90. Too much anger in black youth today [Harvard Medical School Professor of psychiatry, Dr. Alvin Poussaint quoted.], By Clarence Page,, August 17, 2006
  91. TOUGH LOVE QUACKERY: Maia Szalavitz's presentation to The Cato Foundation, April 20, 2006
  92. Spanking children & other forms of violence: Connections among war, violence, sexism and corporal punishment, By Riane Tennenhaus Eisler, 2005

  93. Punitive Damages, Chapter 4, UNCONDITIONAL PARENTING: Moving from Rewards and Punishment to Love and Reason, By Alfie Kohn, Artria Books, 2005
  94. Coercive Restraint Therapies: A Dangerous Alternative Mental Health Intervention, By Jean Mercer, PhD. SOURCE:, August 9, 2005
  95. Mental Health Profession Condemns Attachment Therapy, SOURCE: Advocates for Children in Therapy, January 13, 2006
  96. SPANKING: A Shortcut to Nowhere, Penelope Leach, 1996
  97. Yes ... spare the rod; Early educator rejected corporal punishment, By Robert D. Ilisevich, The Meadville Tribune, April 12, 2005
  98. Correlation between high rates of corporal punishment in public schools and social pathologies, December 2002
  99. Spare the Rod, Embrace Our Humanity, By Professor Susan H. Bitensky, 1998
  100. Final straw: To spank or not to spank? By Susan H. Bitensky, Chicago Tribune, July 25, 1996
  101. Child Abuse in Sweden, By Joan E. Durrant, Ph.D., April 9, 2003
  102. Paddling: A Legacy of Violence, By Tom Johnson, April 2003
  103. Corporal Punishment and Ridicule -- Residual Psychological Effects in Early Childhood: Implications for Counselors, By Melissa J. Spencer, B.A., M.Ed., May 1999

  104. But It Never Did Me Any Harm, By Jane & James Ritchie, From Spare the Rod, (1989) pp. 13-19
  105. Rod Inspired Wisdom, By Adah Maurer, Ph.D., 1993
  106. The Neurobiology of Child Abuse -- Negative effects on brain development and function, By Martin H. Teicher, Excerpt from article in Scientific American, March 2002
  107. Culture of abuse, The Press, Canterbury, New Zealand, 10 October 2003
  108. "Spanking in Moderation" Debunked, By Stephen Strauss, The Globe and Mail, July 11, 2003
  109. Lehigh researchers examine link between abusive child-rearing, overly aggressive behavior
    SOURCE: EurekAlert!.org, February 1, 2001
  110. Science continues to inform--and affirm--the case against spanking, A message from Olivier Maurel, January 21, 2004
  111. A Letter to The Ombudsman for Children and advice how to help bring about positive change for the children of France, Olivier Maurel, France, November 30, 2004
  112. La Fessée: 100 questions-réponses sur les châtiments corporels (French)
    by Oliver Maurel, 2001
  113. Study finds showering an infant with attention in 1st year produces a secure, relaxed child once independent,
    Study commissioned by Germantown-based Brio Corp., Advisory Group Chairman: J. Ronald Lally, Director of the WestEd Center for Child and Family Studies in San Francisco. Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, October 14, 2000
  114. The Swedish Ban on Corporal Punishment: Its History and Effects, Joan E. Durrant, Ph.D., 1996.
  115. Moms and Dads Flunk a Parenting Test, Eric Nagourney, New York Times, October 24, 2000
  116. American Academy of Pediatrics' position on physical punishment
  117. American Academy of Pediatrics calls for end of school paddling, August, 2000
  118. Abuse 'triggers schizophrenia', BBC News, January 14, 2002
  119. McLean Researchers Document Brain Damage Linked to Child Abuse and Neglect, Release: McLean Hospital, December 14, 2000
  120. Babies might be killed by even mild shaking, Andy Coghlan and Michael Le Page, New Scientist, June 16, 2001
  121. Childhood Abuse Changes the Developing Brain, Emma Patten-Hitt, Yahoo! News, December 29, 2000
  122. People are Not for Hitting and Children are People Too, By Dr. John Valusek, From "Empathic Parenting," Volume 22, Issue 1, Winter 1999
  123. Punished for Life--Canadian study links spanking to addiction and psychiatric disorders, Reuters, re: Study, Canadian Medical Association Journal, October 5, 1999
  124. Raising children the right way is not easy--Professor Herrenkohl, lectures about how child rearing affects children's behavior later in life, By Julie Silverman, News Writer, The Brown and the White, Lehigh University, April 3, 1998
  125. A brief psychological explanation for pro-punishment sentiment
  126. Excerpt from "The Need to Punish: Political Consequences of Identifying with the Aggressor," by Arno Gruen. This article, which appeared in The Journal of Psychohistory, Vol 27, No. 2, Fall 1999, is based on Der Fremde In Uns (The Stranger Within) by Arno Gruen, to be published in Spring of 2000 by Clett-Kotta, Stuttgart. Prof. Dr. Phil. Arno Gruen, Rütisrasse 4, Ch-8032 Zürich, Switzerland, is a psychoanalyst and psychotherapist.

  127. Corporal punishment by mothers and cognitive development of children: a longitudinal study, Murray A. Straus and Mallie J., Paschall, Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire, presented at the World Congress of Sociology, 1998.
  128. Want smarter kids? Don't spank them Reuters, August 3, 1998
  129. Paddling States v. Non-Paddling States: A National Academic Comparison, By Jeff Charles, September 2000
  130. CORPORAL PUNISHMENT, by The Joint Methodist-Presbyterian Public Questions Committee, New Zealand, July 1994
  131. Spanking and the Rush of Blood - The Roots of Sado-Masochism?, The Hite Report, Shere Hite, Sydney Morning Herald - Publication date: 1-3-1994 - Edition: Late - Page no: 13

  132. Severe Parental Punishment and Aggression: The Link between Corporal Punishment and Delinquency, Ralph S. Welsh, Ph.D. This revised Web edition (January 1998) was originally published in Corporal Punishment in American Education: Readings in History, Practice and Alternatives, Editors: Irwin A. Hyman and James H. Wise, Temple University Press, Copyright 1979 (pp. 126-142).
  133. Delinquency, Corporal Punishment and the Schools, Ralph S. Welsh, Ph.D., from Crime & Delinquency, 1978, pp. 336 - 354.
  134. Physical punishment and signs of mental distress in normal adolescents, Bachar, Eytan; Canetti, Laura; Bonne, Omer; DeNour, Atara Kaplan; Shalev, Arieh Y., Vol. 32, Adolescence, 12-22-1997, pp 945(14)., Libra Publishers Inc., 1997.
  135. Spanking makes children violent, antisocial--Effect same regardless of parenting style, socioeconomic status, sex of child or ethnic background, Murray A. Straus, Ph.D.; David B. Sugarman, Ph.D.; Jean Giles-Sims, Ph.D., from the "American Medical Association News Update," August 13, 1997, about "Spanking by Parents and Subsequent Antisocial Behavior of Children," Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, August 1997.
  136. Demystifying the Defenses of Corporal Punishment, Murray A. Straus, Ph.D., Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire Durham, NH 03824. [This is a PDF file. Acrobat Reader is required for viewing.]
  137. Spanking teaches short-term lesson, but long-term violence, Murray A. Straus, Ph.D., July 24, 1999
  138. There never was a time when a major social problem was solved by beating a child. And there never will be such a time , C. Everett Koop, M.D., Sc. D., Surgeon General of the U.S. Public Health Service, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services; from the Keynote Address to the Kids Symposium, "Uniting America to Fight Childhood Injury," Washington, D.C., February 16, 1989
  139. It Never Did Me Any Harm, Ian Gibson from The English Vice: Beating, Sex and Shame in Victorian England and After, London: Duckworth, 1978, pp. 2-4, 284, 308, 310-15.
  140. Violence toward women and children: Perverse fantasies said more common, By Daniel Goleman, New York Times, Copied from the Detroit Free Press, Tuesday May 14, 1991
  141. What good is school paddling?--The gonorrhea rate, graduation rate and violent crime rate of top ten paddling states are compared to the national averages., Jeff Charles, (1997)
  142. Psychological Evaluation of a Child Abused at School
  143. What Spanking Does for Kids, Irwin A. Hyman, from The Case Against Spanking: How to Discipline Your Child Without Hitting, (1997) pp. 58-62.
  144. Child abusers' destructive use of 'time-out', Irwin Hyman, from Reading, Writing and the Hickory Stick, (1990) pp. 139-140, 12-13.
  145. Research on EIPTSD [Educator-Induced Posttraumatic Stress Disorder], Irwin Hyman, from Reading, Writing and the Hickory Stick, (1990) pp. 97-101.
  146. Forced Retention of Bodily Waste: The Most Overlooked Form of Child Maltreatment, Laurie A. Couture
  147. The Biology of Soul Murder--Fear Can Harm a Child's Brain. Is It Reversible?, Shannon Brownlee (1996)
  148. When Discipline Silences, Forever, from Philadelphia Inquirer--Metro Section, January 14, 1999
  149. Hidden Scars--Childhood abuse, whether physical or sexual, leads to psychological disturbances in up to 40 percent of survivors. It may also cause changes in brain structure., Madhusree Mukerjee (1995).
  150. Discipline and Punishment, Chapter 6 of The Men They Will Become, By Eli H. Newberger, M.D. (1999).
  151. Fear Cripples--When parenting meant short tempers, loud voices and 'a good hiding,' it left us children significantly impaired., Neil Blacklock
  152. Getting Wise to "Babywise", by Katie Allison Granju, Salon 1998
  153. EZZO-FIED!, by Katie Allison Granju, from
  154. How Children Really React to Control, Dr. Thomas Gordon
  155. Experts Speak Out on Punishment, Adele Faber and Elaine Mazlish, from How to Talk So Kids Will Listen & Listen So Kids Will Talk, Avon Books, 1980, (pp. 115-117)
  156. Institutionally Sanctioned Violence, Albert Bandura, Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, Vol II, No. 3, Spring 1975
  157. Punishment: A Most Dangerous Tool, John J.B. Morgan, from Child Psychology, Revised. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, Inc. 1940. (p. 178)
  158. Aggression and Delinquency, Professor Philip Greven, Rutgers University (1990) PDF version
  159. Spanking and the 'Alarm Reaction' by Adah Maurer, Ph.D.
  160. The Influence of Corporal Punishment on Crime, Adah Maurer, Ph.D. and James S. Wallerstein (1987)
  161. Psychological Profile of Kids who Kill from Entertainment Wire, April 21, 1999
  162. A Tale of Two Criminals: The Primal Roots of Violence, David Chamberlain, Ph.D., Psychiatrist, National Center for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Yale University
  163. Psychodynamics of the
  164. Punisher, Adah Maurer, Ph. D. (1974)

  165. No vital organs there, so they say by Lesli Taylor, M. D. and Adah Maurer, Ph. D.
    This succinct and authoritative short essay on the physical and psychological effects of buttocks-beating is essential reading for parents, health care providers, educators and public education policymakers.
  166. Health Tips: Corporal Punishment in Our Schools
    A publication of the California Medical Education and Research Foundation, prepared and edited by physician members of the California Medical Association, Index 479 - October 1985

  167. What Causes Spanking Fetishes? A Testable Model, Chris Dugan
    Originally published in three parts as "Origins of Spanking Fetish," on newsgroups alt.sexuality.spanking and soc.sexuality.spanking, July 1996.

  168. Tactile Deprivation and Violence, Ashley Montagu, Excerpted from Touching: The Human Significance of the Skin, Third Edition, New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1986. (pp. 224-28)

  169. Anthropologist [Ashley Montagu] Finds Psychological Seed of War in Baby Spanking, from The Boston Globe, January 5, 1941.

  170. Ashley Montagu condemns corporal punishment in a letter to Jordan Riak, March 13, 1989 (122KB graphic)

  171. Karl Menninger condemns corporal punishment in a letter to Jordan Riak, February 6, 1984 (97.8KB graphic)

  172. The spirit of vengeance, Karl Menninger, from The Crime of Punishment, Viking Press, 1969.

  173. Defence for Children International (DCI) condemns corporal punishment in a letter endorsing Parents and Teachers Against Violence in Education (PTAVE), July 5, 1984 (116KB graphic)

  174. Dr. Spock on Spanking
    The record set straight

  175. Ten Principles of Mother-Infant Bonding to Change the World, James W. Prescott, Ph.D., Institute of Humanistic Science, from The Truth Seeker March/April 1989

  176. Connections Between School Corporal Punishment and Child Abuse Ignored, By Suzanne Dworak-Peck, Pres., NATIONAL ASSOICATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS (NASW) The New York Times, July 25, 1987

  177. Swedish Parents Don't Spank, Adrienne Ahlgren Haeuser, University of Wisconsin

  178. Researchers find slower skill development in spanked toddlers, Ruth J. Moss, Psychology Today, November 1986

  179. Beating in child-rearing has its psychological roots in slavery, William H. Grier, M.D. and Price M. Cobbs, M.D., from Black Rage, Basic Books, Inc., New York, 1968. Pages 137-8.

  180. Abused Tots Take On Abusive Parents' Ways, from Growing Child Research Review, September, 1986

  181. The Sins of the Fathers, David Bakan, From Slaughter of the Innocents: A Study of the Battered Child Phenomenon (1971). Boston: Beacon Press. pp. 115-117. (1971)

  182. Parental and home influences on the development of aggression in children, Norma and Seymour Feshbach, from The Young Child: Reviews of Research, Edited by Willard W. Hartup, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota. Published by the National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, D.C. (1972). Volume 2, pp. 290-292.

  183. Some Antecedents of Felonious and Delinquent Behavior, Alan DeWitt Button, Ph.D. A version of this paper was presented at the annual convention, American Psychological Association, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 8, 1972.

  184. The Social Causes of Crime - Overview, Elliott Barker, M.D.

  185. Corporal Punishment to Children's Hands A Statement by Medical Authorities as to the Risks

  186. Dr. J. J. H. Beek speaks out about his patient's hand injuries resulting from corporal punishment at school

  187. The results of beating in childhood, Excerpt from The Challenge of Parenthood, Rudolf Dreikurs, 1958, Page 138

  188. Force and Fear Have No Place in Education, Albert Einstein, From the essay "On Education" in Out of My Later Years, Philosophical Library, Inc., 1950, New York. (pp. 33-35)

  189. Spanking and Mental Health; Prescription for Reform, By Herbert A. Falk, Ph.D., Excerpted from Corporal Punishment: A Social Interpretation of its Theory and Practice in the Schools of the United States, Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1941. pp. 144-47

  190. A Lecture on the Abuse of the Fear Instinct in Early Education, Boris Sidis, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1919, (vol. 14, pp. 333-348)

  • Jane Bluestein

  • Lloyd deMause

  • Thomas Gordon

  • Robin Grille

  • Tom Johnson

  • Michael J. Marshall

  • Adah Maurer

  • Alice Miller

  • Stacey Patton

  • Jordan Riak

  • Murray Straus

  • Martin H. Teicher

  • Ralph Welsh

  • Childhood origins of terrorism

  • Corporal Punishment Archive

  • Index by Author

  • Spankings do for a child's development what fistfights between spouses do for a marriage.

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